Author Archives: medo

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Category : 2017 , Urgent Action

On 11th April 2017, Military Intelligence (MI) in Al-Abbasiya arrested Mr. Alsamani Osman Mahmoud for purportedly being affiliated to SPLA-N. Since then, he had been kept in isolation which created fear that he could be subjected to torture and ill-treatment.

Mr. Alsamani Osman Mahmoud, 50 years old is married and a father for four children, former teacher and a trader.

On 11th April 2017, while Alsamani was at the weekly market of Souq Aljabal in Al-Abbasiya locality where he partly sales his goods, he was arrested by MI officers and taken to Abbasiya military base where he was detained.

HUDO got reliable information that, Mr. Alsamani is under pressure to admit in matters he never committed and they accused him of associating with SPLA-N that he is in contact with some of their officers.

Recommendations/ Appeals

  • HUDO calls on Sudan government;
  • To stop MI from arresting civilians and bring to an end the status of emergency in the conflict states.
  • To unconditionally release Mr. Alsamani Osman without delay or to file a recognized case against him in the courts of law.
  • To respect rights of civilians in conflict areas.

More information

Since the war erupted in South Kordufan by 2011, many of civilians were arrested by MI and some were tried before military court when the Military Act was amended in 2013 for that purpose. Those violations were mostly conducted at Al-Abbasiya locality. Some of the cases are:

  • On 25th November 2013 Saeed Ahmed Al Awad was arrested in Chamchaka of Al-Abbasiya and tried him before a military court with other nine civilians.
  • On 23rd June 2014, two brothers were arrested by MI in Hagar-Jawad of Dilling and deported to Dilling MI custody.
  • On 2nd September 2016, four people among them two ladies were arrested by MI in Almaash village of Dilling locality.






Download PDF file From here Arrest of Alsamani

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Category : 2016 , Statement



For immediate release


An armed group of Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) in Gardood Yama village, killed civilian shot dead under the police witness and they took the dead body and run away.

On 1st April 2016 a group of armed force on two military cars under guidance of Captain, they go to the weekly Market of Gardood Yama, the two cars had stopped and they ordered Suliman Rabeh Abu Kalam to go to where they had stopped, when he arrived before them, the captain had with him a very short conversation immediately the soldiers shot him, due to that he died precisely. The family of the victim reported the case to the police but, the police denied them to register the case and refuse to follow the armed group to bring back the dead body.

Gardood Yama village located sixty five Km North West Abbasiya, it has a weekly Market on Fridays the civilian gather to participate in its activities.

According to eyes witness the incident attended by many civilians and due to that many civilian run away without obtaining or purchasing. An eye witness said the conversation was the captain asked the victim about the victim’s brother who is Sudan People Liberation Army - North (SPLA-N) member. Adam Moneim a human rights lawyer commented that the incident fall under the in lawful killing and the police resistance to fill the case is another violation that shows the rule of law lacking.

HUDO urge that the International community and the diplomatic delegations in Sudan to put more pressure on Sudan government to stop the impunity and to conduct fair investigation as well as to make it public.

HUDO urge on the UN agencies in place to follow and investigate about the incident.

HUDO call on the Advocates associations in Sudan to continue their effort until the justice would be in place.



For engagement


Download PDF file From here Killing of Unarmed Civilian

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Student Incident

Category : 2016 , Statement



For immediate release


On 4th June 2016, nine university (Nuba) students were arrested by police when they were out from Nuba House at Ombada of Omdurman. They were from attending a meeting concerning the memorial preparation of Mohammed Elsadiq who was killed on April 2016. The nine students are;

  1. Osama Bashir Saeed
  2. MayadaJomaa (Ms.)
  3. KazamRahma
  4. Adam Khaleefa
  5. Ahmed Jarelnabi
  6. SediqKarama
  7. Abdalla Agur
  8. Faris Hussein Talu
  9. SalehAleaiseer

The police opened a case against them under articles 69, 77 of Sudan Criminal penal 1991. They spent one night in police cell and were released the second day by the court. The presiding judge dismissed the criminal suit/case because the evidence was not sufficient to lead to their conviction.

The two articles under which they were accused are disturbing the public peace and public nuisance.

HUDO urges the national and international organizations to condemn such acts of targeting students without any legal ground.




For more information please contact


Download PDF file From here Student-Incident

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Category : 2016 , Urgent Action


Date: 26th May 2015



On 18th May 2016 Pastor Hassan Kodi was referred to State Security Prosecution and Telal Ngosi was released on condition to report daily. Both spent five months under detention by National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). They were subjected to ill-treatment and denied family visits. Another pastor Kuwa Abu Zumam’s whereabouts is unknown.

On 18th May 2016 Pastor Hassan Abdelraheem Kodi, 49 years old, the secretary general of Sudanese church of Christ was referred to State Security Prosecution. NISS opened a case (No. 41/2016) against him, under the following articles (50, 51, 53, 55 and 64) of Sudanese Criminal Act 1991. The mentioned charges are part of crimes against the state (including treason). Most of these charges lead to death sentence. Since Kodi was arrested on 18th December 2015, he was denied family visits or contact with his lawyers. It was after five months (18th May 2016) that his family members were allowed to meet him at state Security Prosecution office.

On 18th May 2016 pastor Telal Ngosi, 44 years old, was released on condition that he reports to NISS office daily.

The whereabouts of pastor/ Kuwa Shamal Abu Zumam, 45 years old, is unknown and his family is concerned. He has been reporting to NISS offices on a daily basis since he was released on 21st December 2015.

All the three pastors were interrogated by NISS while in detention for attending Christian conference in Addis Ababa.

HUDO urges

  • The Sudanese judicial authority to unconditionally declare Pastor Abu Zumam’s whereabouts
  • The human rights lawyers in Sudan to defend the pastors’ case and ensure a fair trial.
  • The embassies in Khartoum to press on Sudan government to ensure that the human rights are observed.
  • The international community and NGOs to observe and offer support to pastors’ lawyers in order to ensure fair trials.


More Information

Since December 2015, more than seven pastors and Christian religious leaders were arrested by NISS accusing them of attending a religious conference in Addis Ababa. The following pastors were released on condition to report daily;

  • Philemon Hassan
  • Ayoub Telian
  • Yagoub Omer
  • Benjamin Kounda Breima
  • Yamani

Download PDF file From here Update on the detained Pastors

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Two people appeared alive after almost five years of forced disappearance

Category : 2016 , Urgent Action

Two people appeared alive after almost five years of forced disappearance

28th March 2016

Urgent Action

Two people appeared alive after almost five years of forced disappearance


Two people Mr. Musa Aabdein Ali and Mr. Ibrahim Kano disappeared on 7th June 2011 in Kadogli, Sudan soon after the war outbreak. Their whereabouts were unknown for more than five (5) years until recently when both were found in a very bad health state at Kadogli Military Intelligence custody.

Musa Aabdein Ali was 38 years of age when he disappeared and Ibrahim Kano was 43 years of age and both were government employees. Kano was known as SPLM-N member while Aabdein was not affiliated to any political party.

 Recently HUDO Centre got information from more than two reliable sources with evidence that they are alive under detention at Kadogli military intelligence (MI) custody.

Since their disappearance they were held incommunicado while military intelligence (MI), National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) and political authorities denied knowing their whereabouts. They had been isolated for about five years under torture and ill-treatment without adequate health services/ facilities or proper feeding.

Please write in your own languages:

  • Calling on the authorities for immediate and unconditionally release of Musa Aabdein Ali and Ibrahim Kano
  • Urging authorities to ensure that the two detainees are not subjected to torture or any ill-treatment
  • Urging the ministry of justice to investigate about the illegal period they had spent in custody and make the results/report public indicating who is responsible.
  • Call upon the authorities to disclose the whereabouts of many others who disappeared.




Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir   

Office of the President

People’s Palace

PO Box: 281



Ministry of Justice,


AlJamhurya ST



PO Box: 302/11111


Fax. 0024983791544

Minister of Defense

Awad Mohamed Ahmed bin Awaf

Defense tower

Defense Towers ST



P.O Box: 11111







More Information

Since the war broke out in South Kordufan, HUDO Centre regularly receives calls from families about disappearance of their members in Kadogli and other towns in South Kordufan while the security authorities deny their whereabouts yet, it doesn’t conduct any kind of investigations on such reports.

On the same period many young men disappeared. For instance,

Kadogli; Idriss Daowd, 40, government employee, disappeared on 7th June 2011Talodi;

Talodi; Abass Mohamad Salim, 37, administration officer, disappeared on 8th June 2011.

Rashad; Hamad Ahmad Ismail, 42, government employee, disappeared on 22nd Jan. 2012.

Abu Jibaiha; Omaia Abduelateef, 32, government employee, disappeared on 22nd Aug. 2012

The MI, NISS and other security agencies tend to arrest and abduct unarmed civilians basing on the state of emergency status which was announced in South Kordufan state in June 2011 by the president of Sudan, Omar Al Bashir. The security agencies do not consider the security of persons regardless of international treaties which Sudan had ratified and stated in Sudan constitution 2005. 






Download PDF file From here Two People UA

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HUDO IDPs Annual Report 2015

Category : 2016 , Periodic Reports

Human Rights Situation of the IDPs from SK, BN in Khartoum, Sudan

Human Rights Situation of the IDPs from SK, BN in Khartoum, Sudan

Period of January – December 2015

Released on 20th March 2016



Since the war broke out in SK and BN states, a great number of its inhabitants fled the states to other parts within Sudan (as IDPs) and others outside of Sudan (as refugees). The internally displaced persons (IDPs) settled in many towns within Sudan.  The majority moved to North Kordufan, White Nile, Aljazeera, Port Sudan and Khartoum states, depending on where they had relatives. The biggest number of IDPs settled in Khartoum where they distributed themselves in the three towns of Omdurman, Khartoum and Khartoum North mostly within the slums. In Khartoum they settled in Jebel Awleya, Suba and Azhari neighborhoods, in Omdurman at Althawra, Wad Elbashir and Ombada neighborhoods. In Khartoum North, they settled at Ezba, Haj Yousif and Om Doum neighborhoods as well as other neighboring towns.

This report documents some of the violations and abuses faced the IDPs. The violations and abuses include arbitrary arrests, torture, inhuman treatment and other violations on religious beliefs particularly targeting the Christians.

Arbitrary Arrests

An advocate was arrested in line of duty

On 1st July 2015, Mr. Muhanad Mustafa (Advocate) the legal representative on behalf of Khartoum North Anglican church was arrested by the police. The Police force arrived at (Estate 5D) to enforce a court demolish resolution/order.  Whereas the resolution was for Estate 5H, the police wrongly came to enforce the order to Estate 5D. Mustafa presented to the police a copy of the court resolution which indicate that, they were going to implement the order in a wrong Estate. Police arrested him under accusation of objecting official order, and they took him together with Pastor Hafiz Faseiha Mangestu to Khartoum North police station and filed a case against them under article 99 Sudanese criminal Act 1991. Mr. Mustafa and the Pastor were detained for 6 hours and later the court dismissed the case precisely.

Activist subjected to threats

On 6thSep 2015 national intelligence and security services (NISS) through a phone call ordered Ms.Kawthar Hussain Nakuri, a civil society activist to report at NISS political affair office in Khartoum North the following day at nine o’clock(9:00 AM). After her first reporting, NISS forced her to report to their office daily. During this period she was interrogated about her civil activities and how NISS suspected her to have links with SPLM-N. The interrogation took twelve (12) days and she was in each reporting day insulted and badly treated.

Arrest of Ayoub Kafi

Ayoub is a voluntary Christian theology teacher.  Ayoub Kafi Paulus, 34 years, father of six children he lives in the suburb of Kafuri square (12) of Khartoum North. He also works as house guard. He teaches Christianity to his children and his Christian neighbors because; they don’t have theology teachers or courses in most of the Sudanese Schools.

On 26th Nov. 2015, the police broke into his house at around 03:00 AM and arrested him. While the police officers were in the house, they beat him with the butts of the guns several times in front of his children, and then took him to Kafuri police station where he was interrogated about his teaching activities.

He was held without any legal reasons up to 28th Nov 2015 when he was released yet, no legal case was registered against him.

Two Pastors arrested by NISS

On 18th Dec 2015 NISS arrested the following pastors from their homes;

  1. Pastor, Kuwa Shemal Abuzumam
  2. Pastor, Abdelrahim Hassan

On the 18th Dec. 2015 at around 7:00 AM a group of national intelligence and security services (NISS) arrested Pastor Abuzumam from his house which is located in Taibat Alahamda of Khartoum North. He is the Pastor of Church of Christ in Khartoum North.

On the same day of 18th Dec, Pastor Hassan was also arrested by NISS from his house in Ombada Square 43 of Omdurman. He is the secretary general of the Sudanese Church of Crist.

Both were accused of;

  • Reporting to the international community about the situation of the Christians in Sudan.
  • Being in cooperation with international organizations in receiving funds to be used in converting some Muslims to Christianity in Darfur.
  • Criminate their attending a Christian conference in Addis Ababa.

On 26th Dec. 2015, Abuzumam was released with a condition that he should report to NISS office on daily base. Up to then Pastor Hassan is under detention while denying him family visit or accessibility to lawyer, and Abuzumam reports to NISS office on a daily basis and stays at NISS office from 09:00 AM up to night hours.


Four (4) girls subjected to torture in Omdurman

On the 7th July 2015 police force arrested four girls in Omdurman, Dar Elsalam Square (23) on charges of capital theft. The girls are students below Eighteen (18) years of age whereby two of them were working as house Maid for a certain family in Omdurman, Mhadawi over the weekend. As their usual routine, on 3rd July 2015 the two girls worked at this family house and  the following day this family lost some valuable items (jewelry), immediately they suspected the two girls, and reported the case to Mahadawi police station, under article (174 Capital thief) Sudanese criminal Act (1991). The police issued the arrest warrant for the girls and arrested them on 7th Jul 2015.

The following are the names of the arrested girls;

  • Monica Idris kori 14 year
  • Julia Idris Kori 14 year
  • Samrah Haroon Mustafa 16 years
  • Reem AbdallahAltayeb 17 years

While they were in custody, the police forced them to take off their clothes, beat them up while they were naked and insulted them. The police denied their family to visit them. After three days their legal representative (Advocate) submitted to the prosecutor a release request with guarantee and paid (1700 SD pound = $150) as guarantee for their release. After released they suffered injuries as a result of beating.

Inhuman treatment in Khartoum North

On 14th October 2015, the public order police force conducted a campaign against local alcohol sellers at the brick kilns area which is located at the suburb of Om Doum in Khartoum North. The Majority of the people living in this area and working as casual labours, are IDPs from SK and South Sudanese refugees.

This was not the first time to carry out such campaign in this area. While carrying out this operation they always arrest people, beat them and take fines from them without following court procedures.

This time the police surrounded the area from all sides a part from the riverside (Blue Nile). The police started beating people randomly using whips and gun butts while insulting them. This forced the victims to run towards the river where some drowned and others survived by swimming across as the list below indicates;

  • Names of people who drowned
  1. Eisa Ali Bakheit, male, 30 years.
  2. Salwa Ali kuku, female, 34 years.
  3. Fatima Ali Elnaw, female, 45 years.
  4. Ashoul Lowal, female, 40 years
  5. Rowaina Dawod, female infant, one year old. (Had drowned in the river).


  • Names of survivors
  • BadreldeinHamdan, male, 31 years.
  • Basheir Kamal, male, 30 years.
  • Ibrahim Ishag, Male, 30 years
  • Lushiah Peter, female, 45 years.
  • MunirahIsmaeil, female, 32 years.
  • Mohamed Alamein, male, 36years.


Shortly after the incident, relatives of the drowned people went to Om Doum police station and reported. Up to date there are two cases under investigation.


Sudanese authority demolished two churches at Omdurman

On 21st and 28th Oct. 2015 the combined troops of National intelligence and security service (NISS), Police, land registration authority and locality’s officer destroyed two churches in Althawra(square 29 and square 61) which are located in Karari locality of Omdurman town at Khartoum state, without any legal ground.

Althawra’s (square 29) Church incident: On 21st Oct. 2015 the soldiers armed with teargas accompanied with land registration authorities and Karari locality authorities came to the church on twelve (12) vehicles and two (2) bulldozers. On arrival, the soldiers surrounded the church, threw the teargas canisters to disperse the people who had gathered to protect the church. They started to destroy (pull down) the church while it was closed with its furniture and holy/ sacred items there in. Steven Adil Kajo (23 years old) who tried to object their action was arrested and later released after destroying the said church.

Althawra’s (square 61) Church incident: On 28th Oct. 2015 at (10:00 am) armed soldier from NISS and police came on six (6) vehicles with a bulldozer and destroyed Althawra’s (square 61) church. The items that were destroyed include all the church’s furniture and holy/ sacred belongings that were in.

Incident background

According to priest (James), “Althawra’s (square 29) church was established in this location since 1984 when it was an open area. Later on 1995 the land registration authority re-planned the area and they allocated the alternative land to the mosques and ignored the church yet, the church authority kept requesting. The current land of the said church is (400 m2) and their congregation is about (450 persons). The Althawra’s (square 61) church in this area was re-planned in 1999 but the church was ignored when the alternative land was distributed”.

The priest added that “the land registration authority with NISS and police tried twice in the last four days before the incident to destroy this same church (square 29). The first trial was on 17th Oct. 2015 at 10:00 AM they came on six (6) vehicles with bulldozer, but the church authority objected asking for the official order. The soldiers went back and on the same day issued and delivered official letter by 02:00 PM giving the church authorities seventy two (72) hours to evacuate. The second trial was on 20th Oct. 2015 the same soldiers came back again but the congregations/worshippers gathered inside the church and started to pray, then the soldiers confiscated some items and went away. The following day they came back and destroyed the Church”.

An eyewitness (lady by names of Hawa) said; “The destruction was carried out without care or regard to the sanctity of the church which is a violation to our constitutional rights and against the international conventions”.

As a result of the destruction, the congregations of the churches resorted to gather and pray from the open space without any shelter/facility.


  • HUDO Centre urges the government of Sudan to safeguard the rights of the IDPs and to respect their rights in receiving aid according to the international laws.
  • Urge the government to solve the issue of the demolished churches.
  • Urge on the government to ensure that the right for worship is guaranteed specially for Christians.


Download PDF file From here IDPs Annual Report 2015

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HUDO – HR Annual Report 2015

Category : 2016 , Periodic Reports





 Prepared by

HUDO Centre

Released on 20thMARCH 2016







1.0 Introduction

Human Rights and Development Organization (HUDO Centre) is a Sudanese non-governmental organization (NGO) based in Kampala and Juba South-Sudan. It is undertaking monitoring of the human rights situation in government controlled areas of South Kordufan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) States of Sudan and the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) from these two states.

One of the major causes for the war in BN and SK to resume in 2011 is mistrust between the National congress party (NCP) which is the ruling party and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army-North (SPLM/A–N). SPLM/A-N is the rebelling group that resumed fighting after the relative peace in the areas created by signing the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005. In response, the government of Sudan (GoS) represented by security agencies (National Intelligence and security services (NISS), Military Intelligence (MI), Popular Defense Forces (PDF), Rapid Support Force RSF, allied militias and police) carried out operations of apprehending people that oppose government. This operation caused a lot of human rights violations in the two areas.

Therefore, this report highlights incidents of human rights violations and abuses that took place in the mentioned areas during the year of 2015. Due to security, geographical and logistical challenges, HUDO Centre documented verified incidents from places where monitors managed to reach, it consist of more than fifty cases of arbitrary arrest, more than twenty villages looted, burned and displaced, also it consist of some rape cases, cases of child rights violations and other human rights violation incidents. There is also an attached report on the situation of the IDPs that are mainly from SK and BN states. The field monitors observed, collected data/ information and together with Kampala office, victims and their relatives were interviewed.

The main purpose of this report is to bring to light the human rights violations and abuses taking place in SK and BN states so that the stakeholders like United Nations (UN) and international community could pressurize on the Government of Sudan to respect the international human rights and humanitarian laws.

1.1 About HUDO

HUDO Centre[1] is an independent, non-governmental, non-partisan and non-profit making organization based in Kampala-Uganda and Juba-South Sudan. As a rights-based organization it has two fold programming approach comprising both practical interventions as its ‘hardware' component and the human rights dimension as an integral ‘software' component under which, all projects are designed and implemented.

HUDO Centre works towards the promotion of human rights and dignity for vulnerable communities like the internally displaced persons (IDPs), Refugees in camps in the neighboring country (South Sudan). HUDO also believes in achieving and promoting human welfare without racial, religious or gender discrimination. 

HUDO Centre’s mission is to bring human rights to life by producing and shaping human rights tools, raising awareness and enforcing practices that empower people to improve their own lives and the lives of others.

HUDO’s strategic vision is to build a cohesive, civilized and fair society that is stronger where all human beings are equally valued, can fully participate socially, have equal chances to succeed, treated with dignity and respect.

HUDO is currently undertaking monitoring of the human rights situation in government controlled areas of South Kordufan (SK), Blue Nile (BN) States and the IDPs from the two states. Together with partners, HUDO Centre trains human rights monitors based in these areas (SK and BN) in order to improve/strengthen their capacity to monitor, document, report and research on human rights violations and abuses taking place. HUDO is also monitoring court processes in order to assess the principles of due diligence and fair trial.

1.2 Background of the study

The Conflict in Sudan predate back to historical injustices, social imbalance, religion, political and racial discrimination. The first civil war started on August 1955 a year before independence by the Southern Sudanese[2].The conflict erupted due to mistrust which assured later in underdevelopment and discrimination against the Southern region by the central government. The region is mostly inhabited by many different ethnic groups[3].The conflict was between the central government and the rebel group/ Anya Nya[4]. The first war ended in 1972 by signing Addis Ababa agreement[5], which brought relative peace until 1983 when the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/ A)[6]  was formed. One of the major reasons SPLM/A fought for, is the dishonoring the Addis Ababa agreement by the central government.

Other regions and individuals from Northern Sudan also joined the SPLM/A for the reasons of underdevelopment and discrimination. In 1985 South Kordufan/ Nuba Mountains joined SPLM/A as well as Blue Nile which joined in late 1980s[7]. The war continued until 2005 when the comprehensive peace agreement (CPA)[8] was signed.

After the CPA, the two states of South Kordufan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN) enjoyed relative peace up to 2011 when South Sudan declared its independence as a result of the Referendum on the right to self-determination, which was enshrined in the CPA and guaranteed by the Interim National Constitution 2005. The cessation of South Sudan divided the SPLM/A into two. One Part in South Sudan and the other remained in Sudan and subsequently renamed as Sudan peoples’ liberation movement/Army-North (SPLM/ A-N).

The conflict broke out in South Kordufan state in 2011, due to many factors. There was a historical lack of trust[9] between the two parties (SPLM and NCP), tension over the results of the state’s complementary elections and the expected exercise of the Popular Consultation[10]which constituted in the (CPA). The Government of Sudan (GoS) attempted to disarm the SPLA soldiers in SK but the disarmament was opposed by the SPLM leadership hence the conflict.

In June 2011 the president of Sudan (Omar Albashir)[11] declared the state of emergency in SK under the Emergency Act of 1998. The State of Emergency also had been declared in BN in September 2011. The state of emergency had favored the security officials’ to violate the rights of civilians. National Intelligence and Security services (NISS) and Military Intelligence (MI) practiced to arrest civilians arbitrarily accusing them of associating with the SPLA-N. Many people in villages in the two states were forced by Sudan Armed Force (SAF) and its allied militias to evacuate or burned[12].

In September 2011 the war spread to Blue Nile state due to the tension created by the conflict in SK. The war broke out in Blue Nile after president Omar Al-Bashir had rejected the implementation of Nafie[13] Agar[14] agreement[15]  which was signed on 29th June 2011. Nevertheless, on 22nd August 2011 Al-Bashir and Agar held a meeting in Addis Ababa hosted by Meles Zenawi Ethiopian former prime minister. The meeting ended in disagreements.

The security agencies are violating human rights and aggressively dealing with whoever opposes the government. Therefore, human rights situation deteriorated, particularly in conflict areas of SK and BN and areas where the internally displaced persons (IDPs) were.

1.3.0 Aim

This report aims to bring to light the human rights violations and abuses taking place in South Kordufan and Blue Nile states of Sudan(Jan-Dec 2015) and its consequences in order to draw the attention of national, regional and international community and come up with specific suggestions on how to improve the human rights situation.

1.3.1 Objectives

  • To furnish the United Nations’ Human Rights council. and special rapporteur on Sudan, Amnesty International (AI), Human Rights Watch (HRW), the Diplomatic Missions in Sudan and others with information, in order to enhance their efforts to pressurize the Government of Sudan to respect human rights.
  • To strengthen the Sudanese advocacy groups by providing them with accurate information to use in their lobbying and to engage more Sudanese Civil Society in the human rights advocacy process.
  • To assist in lobbying the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and African Union (AU) to urge the Government of Sudan to lift the state of emergency in South Kordufan and Blue Nile states and to contribute in stopping the violation and abuses.

1.4 Methodology

HUDO centre had established its own network consisting of field monitors and focal persons to gather information within the conflict zone. This network spreads geographically in both SK and BN since it was not possible to have easy access to the whole area.

HUDO Centre has a reporting panel that examines information from the field. The panel used analytical methods to sort the information in order to arrive at accurate findings that should be included in the report.

For the purposes of consolidating this report HUDO Centre also used the following methods in collecting data/ information;

  1. HUDO centre developed data/ information forms
  2. Conducted interviews with victims and relatives
  3. Analyzed Media reports
  4. Verified comments from professionals (Lawyers, Doctors…etc)
  5. Scrutinized official declarations

1.5 Scope of the Study

Sudan is an African country bordering Egypt and Libya to the North, Red sea, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the East, South Sudan to the South and Central Africa and Chad to the West. It consists of eighteen (18) states including South Kordufan (SK) and Blue Nile (BN). Both SK and BN states cover most of the southern border, neighboring South Sudan. This report covers the two states of SK and BN where HUDO Centre focuses, as well as the situation of IDPs scattered in other states.

Sudan Map (Shows South Kordufan State/ Nuba Mountains in green and Blue Nile State in Blue)

South Kordufan/Nuba Mountains state is mainly inhabited by Nuba ethnic groups among other african groups[16]  who are mostly farmers. There are also settlers from other ethnicities (of the Arabs origins) most of them are traders or pastoralists. In April 2013, the Western part of the state which is inhabited by Kasha, Dajo and other ethnic groups from Nuba Mountains were annexed to the newly created West Kordofan State[17].

South Kordufan State consists of 17 localities. Some are located under SPLA-N control territories and others are within the State controlled areas. This report covers the following towns and villages under the government control;

Kadogli town in Kadogli Locality; Talodi town in Talodi Locality; Rashad town, Umbrambeta, Elfaid Umabdalla, khor Eldelaib,Al Ghadeer,Tomi, Elmansour and Eljebailat in Rashad Locality; Al-Abbasiya town, Terri, Tabassa and Mabsut in Al-Abbasiya Locality; Abu-Kershola town and Cham Chaka in Abu Kershola Locality; Dilling town and Kalara in Dilling Locality as well as Kasha village of Alsonout Locality of West Kordufan State.

South Kordufan State/ Nuba Mountains Map

Blue Nile State is mainly occupied by Funj, Ingasana, Broun tribes among other African Ethnicities as well as other groups of Arab-origin. The state is made up of six (6) localities controlled by the state with the presence of SPLA-N. This report focuses on the following towns and villages under the government control;

Damazin town, Madinah (8, 9, 10), Madeim Masaleet,and Ganees WestinDamazin Locality; Agadi located in Tadamon Locality; Madeim Aljabel, Deirang, Khor Maganza, Fadimia, Keglok, BageesAshaheed Afandi, and Wad Abouk placed in Bau Locality; Geli, Fuj, Dakilog, Gambarde and Abigolocatedin Kurmuk Locality; Daim Saad, Abrondu, Bakori and Fazogli which is located in Gissan Locality; Roseires, Alazaza, Shanisha, Umdarfa, Khor Mago and Um Barid locatedin Roseires Locality.

Blue Nile State map

1.6 Statement of the problem

Reports from HUDO Centre’s field monitors and other sources indicate that the human rights situation in SK and BN states had deteriorated since the war broke-out in 2011. The subsequent announcement of the State of Emergency by president of Sudan in 2011 also exaggerated the situation. It became worse after the declaration of the offensive summer/military[18] operation by Sudan Ministry of defense in 2014. Nevertheless there was a military campaign carried out by the SPLA-N in the two states meant to disrupt the March-April 2015 elections[19].

The human rights situation had worsened because of many arbitrary arrests in both states of SK and BN. Many civilians were frequently arrested and accused of being affiliated or associating with SPLA/N. These arrests were carried out by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS), Military Intelligence (MI) and the allied government militias. Among those under detention are women and children.

The military presence of Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and its associated militias like the Rapid Support Force (RSF) and Popular Defense Force (PDF) together with the frequent attacks by the SPLA-N in the two states had forced many people to run away from their villages. Most of the people vacated their villages as a result of instructions from SAF or the status of insecurity. The villages were largely destroyed and people could not return hence the displacement.

According to field monitors, around nine (12) villages in SK and more than ten (10) villages in BN were burnt down and people were displaced. The security (SAF) ordered people to vacate the villages within two hours. People lost property as they rushed to save their lives. Security forces could not allow the displaced persons to erect settlement camps or have access to humanitarian aid.

The violated rights are as follows:

  1. Right to life
  2. Security of person
  3. Right to fair trial
  4. Child Rights
  5. Rights of women and girls
  6. Right to freedom of movement and residence
  7. Rights of civilians within conflict areas
  8. Right of Worship

1.7 Limitation and Challenges

  1. The imposed State of Emergency in the two states restricts the movement of monitors. This directly affected the process and time taken in collecting data.
  2. The continuous suspicion from intelligence (NISS and MI) whereby any new comers in towns or anybody talking about rights was watched. They conducted many check points which hindered the movement of monitors within the two states.
  3. Insecurity due to the ongoing conflict between government forces and the SPLA-N.
  4. Poor means of transport whereby roads are not very accessible and most of them are seasonal.
  5. Some of the victims and witnesses do not easily reveal information due to security threats. According to interviews that were conducted by HUDO monitors, some of the victims or the witnesses expressed their fears from security agencies.
  6. The number of monitors was not enough to cover the incidents in the two states easily.

2.0 Arbitrary Arrest:

Over-all description;

HUDO Centre observed the situation through their monitors and other focal persons. The arbitrary arrests jointly carried out by NISS, MI and the government associated militias were mainly unlawful. Many people arrested were unarmed civilians from different villages and towns, were accused of associating or supporting the SPLA-N. They arrest anybody irrespective of age or sex/gender and treat the detainees inhumanly. In the following section we illustrate the detailed findings on how the arbitrary arrests were carried out in SK and BN.

2.0.1 Arbitrary Arrest in South Kordufan

On Feb. 2nd 2015, a group of Military Intelligence (MI) soldiers from Al Abbasiya town arrested Adam Essa Agoumy, 35 years, who is a member of SPLM-N. He was detained from his village called Mabsout. The MI soldiers came in three vehicles (land cruiser) when they reached Mabsout, they immediately shot firing in the air before arresting him. He was later transported to SAF headquarter in El Obeid by then. Later they transferred him to Al Abbasiya and filed a criminal case against him, accusing him under article (130) Intentional murder according to Sudan criminal Act 1991. They accused him that he killed a civilian at Moreib village in 2011. The defendant’s lawyer objected the accusation. However, the procedures seem to prove unfair trial since the Judge did not give the defendant’s lawyer enough time for his defense argument. He also refused to hear any testimony from the defendant’s witnesses. On August 2015, he was charged to death sentences. Days after his lawyer died in suspicious criminal event. Up to date no appeal done in his case yet, the appeal constituted period is over. 

On March 7th 2015, NISS in Talodi town arrested Mohamed Alfadil Abulnour and Hamid Mousa who are members of the Popular Committee of Abdul Fadeel Almaz neighborhood in Talodi. They were taken in a vehicle without number plate[20]. NISS had earlier tried to recruit them to the National Congress Party (NCP)[21] to become members, but the two men objected. Our sources indicate that it was alleged that NISS started threatening them that joining of NCP was mandatory for saving their lives. They obeyed under pressure in detention and after release attended NCP meeting on March 10th 2015.

On March 26th 2015, a group of MI soldiers arrested four women from Dilling Market. They were coming from Kalara village for shopping. Their names are indicated below;

  1. Amnah Mirga 70 years
  2. IshraghaHussein 22 years
  3. Noura Dawoud 65 years
  4. Taghawa Irin 65 years

They were apprehended at SAF Head Quarters in Dilling town. They were accused of supplying the SPLA-N with items they were shopping. Relatives of the four women tried to bail them out but MI refused. The four women were later released on April 26th, 2015 on condition that they should not move out of Dilling town for two months.

On April 29th2015, Rapid Support Force (RSF) supported by SAF attacked Kashsa[22] village of the Nuba Mountains/ West Kordofan State. According to HUDO Centre’s sources, one person was killed about six (6) people were severely injured, twelve (12) were arrested and about eight shops around the village were robbed. The details are listed below;

  1. The deceased Kamal Kuku Ala’lim
  2. The injured:
  3. Faisal Mohamed Zakariya
  4. Mousa Abdul Gadir
  5. Malik Hashim Sultan
  6. Gism Allah Azrag Alnour
  7. Haggar Bakiet Ahmed
  8. Abdul Haleim Ibrahim
  1. The detained:
  2. Almamoun Alfadil
  3. Ahmed Shaieb Alkelaib
  4. Ahmed Abdallah
  5. Haroun Abdul Gadir Ala’sir
  6. Abdl Bagi Abdul Gadir Ala’sir
  7. Juma Dahawi Haloof
  8. Idris Abbas Haloof
  9. Salim Omer Haloof
  10. Ali Abbas Haloof
  11. Abdallah Alfail
  12. Adam Hamdan
  13. Mousa Hilo
  1. The people whose property was looted;
  • Abaker Alnour
  • Hassan Ismail
  • Baraka Shawish
  • Mujahid Alsayed Ibrahim
  • Alsayed Ibrahim
  • Salim Ismail Balaka
  • Ismail Balaka
  • Alfadil Farah Arouj

The table below Shows details of Kasha incident;







Faisal Mohamed Zakariya

Headmaster-  Anjamina High School


Injured were all treated and sent back to their village.


Mousa Abdul Gadir

Political Activist


Malik Hashim Sultan

Student- Dilling University


Gism Allah Azrag Alnour


Haggar Bakiet Ahmed


Abdul Haleem Ibrahim


Almamoun Alfadil

Chief of Kasha Tribe


Transported to Abuzabad town where they were interrogated. They have been accused of cooperating with SPLA-N. transported again to Alfoula after three days. On May 15th the Chief was released while the others released on June 11th. After their release they have been denied to leave Alfoula until the arrival of the new state governor. They were hosted by Ismail Jabori from Kasha Tribe – lives in Alfoula and works at the office of West Kordofan former Governor. On June 13th they were allowed to return to their village.


Ahmed Shaieb Alkelaib

Civil Activist


Ahmed Abdallah



Haroun Abdul Gadir Ala’sir

Headmaster- Alfainj Girls’ High School


Abdl Bagi Abdul Gadir Ala’sir



Juma Dahawi Haloof

Corporate Teacher- Damira Basic School


Idris Abbas Haloof

Civil Activist


Salim Omer Haloof

Civil Activist


Ali Abbas Haloof

Civil Activist


Abdallah Alfail

Student - Anjamina High School


Adam Hamdan



Mousa Hilo

Student- Babanousa University


Abaker Alnour

Traders- Market of Kasha Village

looted Shops

Shops were broken and looted. No compensation has been considered.


Hassan Ismail


Baraka Shawish


Mujahid Alsayed Ibrahim


Alsayed Ibrahim


Salim Ismail Balaka


Ismail Balaka


Alfadil Farah Arouj

On June2nd 2015 in Lagorri village, armed PDF soldiers with four vehicles abducted three people. They were taken to SAF base in Kadugli town where they were interrogated and released on the following day 3rd June 2015. Their names are;

  1. Hamad Abdallah Majok, 50 years, teacher at Toksswana primary School in Laggorri.
  2. Suliman Abdalla Musa, 21 years, student.
  3. Alhaj Musa Alahmar, 30 years, farmer.

On June 6th2015, a number of armed soldiers from Rashad PDF headed by sergeant/ Alradi Osman Aldaw on MI vehicle attacked a home of Mohamed Idris Komi, 52 years old. They arrested him and confiscated some of his belongs as listed below;

  1. Thirty seven (37) cows
  2. Eight (8) sheep
  3. Nine thousands pound and four hundred Sudanese Pound (9400)[23].

Mohamed was taken to Rashad MI prison. When his community leader visited him, MI officers informed him that Mohamed was arrested on the orders of Rashad’s governor. After one month in detention, 5th July 2015 Mohamed was released without his cattle and money. He tried to open case at Rashad police station but police officers could not allow. Later he went with the community leader and others to the governor Musa Yunis requesting for his belongings but, the governor intimidated him that he would be killed for associating with SPLA-N.

2.0.2 Arbitrary Arrest in Blue Nile

On April11th2015, NISS officers arrested five civilians in AL-Roseires town after thorough search of their houses and their names are;

  1. Algailey Abdalla Jabir
  2. Sediq Ahmed Sediq
  3. Mohamed Jouda
  4. Sediq Almugadam
  5. Elsir Mohamed Hamad

according to HUDO’s source, the detainees were taken to NISS office in Al-Roseires, later on the same day they transported them while their hands were tied with chains to NISS custody in Damazin. They were interrogated on the following day (12th April 2015) and accused of disrupting national election process. On the same day at 09:00PM Algailey Abdalla and Sediq Ahmed were released. The others remained in NISS custody up to April 21st 2015 when they were also released.   

On April11th2015, MI in Damazin arrested the following and released them on13th April 2015:

  1. Azhari Alkhalifa, 30 years old from Madinah 8[24],
  2. Mohamed Omer, 32 years old, from Madinah 9,
  3. Alterefi Mohamed, 35 years old, from Madinah 9.
  4. Arbab Abunemah, 35 years old from Alkharabat,

The four detainees were former members of SPLM-N. Together with other people, they formed the National Movement for Peace and Development Party[25] (NMPDP). According to NISS, their activity during the campaigns of the recent election was considered to be a threat.

On April 12th2015, NISS arrested Hafiz Mohamed Osman from Roseires Market and held him from 11:00 am up to 5:00 pm. They released him without telling him the reason for his arrest.

On April 13th2015, NISS arrested three students who are members of Umma National Party from Geli Village of Tadamon locality. The detainees are political activists at Blue Nile University; they were accused of supporting Arhal[26] campaign. They were released on 18th-April-2015. Their names are;

  1. Ali Dafallah, graduate of Blue Nile University,
  2. Saleh Essa, Student at Blue Nile University,
  3. Hussein Yusuf, Blue Nile University.

On May 12th2015, MI officers in Daim Saad - East of Gissan Locality along the border with Ethiopia, arrested the following;

1- Mohamed Gism Allah Mousa a Medical Assistant

2- Abdul Aziz Fadul; Anter Ali Khalifa and

3- Siraj Hassan Hussein

They were all from Abrandu area and were detained for five (5) days. On the day of their arrest, they were taken to SAF military base in Bakori where they spent the night. The next day (13th May 2015) at 8:00 PM they were taken to SAF military based in Damazin. They were only asked about their names but were not accused of anything crime. They were detained at Damazin MI custody up to 17th May 2015 when they were released.

On May 13th 2015, MI arrested and physically assaulted Ms. Elham Ali Shikan, 30 years old, a tea Maker/seller from her home in Al Nahdah neighborhood. She was released on the same day. Later on, May 16th 2015 she was re-arrested with her university student sister Ms. Ena’m Ali Shikan, 26 years old. They were accused of spying for SPLA-N but they were released on the same day.

On May 22nd2015, around 3:00 pm, MI arrested

1- Aboud Ali Alnour, 19 years old student

2- Mohamed Albir Hassan 21 year old casual worker from Alshaheed Afandi Market.

 They arrested them because they objected the forced displacement of civilians from their villages in BN (Bagees, Maganza and Madeim Aljabel). They were taken to an unknown place.

On May 23rd 2015, NISS arrested Altayeb Yagoub. He is known by his nickname Shawish (Sergeant), 62 years old, a retired Sudan Armed Force soldier. He lives in Arkaweet North of Damazin town. Yagoub was accused of conspiring and planning the attacks of SPLA- N. The retired soldier was released on May 25th, 2015 after being interrogated.

On June 24th2015, NISS arrested Gasim Sabir 38 years of age from Damazin. He was previously arrested many times since 2011. He was released on 29th June 2015. NISS accused him to have purchased his vehicle using money from SPLA-N.

On June 26th 2015, at around 1:00 pm, NISS officers arrested Mohamed Mahmoud Issa, 19 years a student at Blue Nile University. He was taken from Ganees East market by three NISS officers and he was released on the same day at around 6:00 pm after being tortured.

Mohamed was arrested for the alleged comments he made on 22nd June 2015 while engaging in an argument with a colleague named Aggaba about the attempted arrest of President Bashir in South Africa.  Eight people (one of them called Mahadi) took turns in beating him with a black water pipe which caused injuries on his back. 

After three days some NISS officers came and told him that he was wanted in their office Roseires. He was later interrogated about his comments of wishing the president’s arrest. They forced him to sign a document promising never to say such thing again and he was released after.

On Oct 15th 2015, MI arrested the following people in Damazin;

  1. Adam Saleh, 33 years
  2. Bashir Jumma, 38 years
  3. Mohammed Abdalla, 20 years(University student)
  4. Ibrahim Ali, 22 years

The detainees are residents of Blue Nile but originally from Darfur, and the MI accused them of associating with SRF. They were all released on the second day.

On Dec. 10th2015, MI arrested Suliman Tukul (35 years, self-employed) from his house at Damazin town. The MI accused him of communicating with his relatives who are with the SPLA-N via the phone. He was released after one week in detention.

On Dec. 12th 2015, MI arrested Amal Hassan (40 years) a female teacher. She was arrested from Wad Abouk village where she teaches in Bau Locality. No reason was given for her arrest and nobody was allowed to visit her.

2.1 Sexual violence

HUDO Centre received several reports about Sexual violence, mainly committed by the Military and other government security agencies together with the militias. There are many Cases of sexual violence but the victims and their families could not freely share the information because of social stigma and the security threats. The following chapters illustrate some cases in the two areas SK and BN;

2.1.1 Sexual violence in South Kordufan

On May 29 th2015, H. M.  A four month pregnant lady, 34 years, was raped by four SAF soldiers. The victim lives in Terri Village and she was on her way back home from Chamchaka Market[27] which is 10 kilometers away from her village. Along the way, she was stopped by seven (7) soldiers wearing SAF uniform, armed with AK 47 driving a Land Cruiser (red number plate 87). They searched her luggage which had her items/stuff worth (170)[28] Sudanese Pounds that she had bought for her family. They offered her a lift of which she rejected. They lifted her, forced her into their vehicle and drove back towards Chamchaka. They stopped the car on the way and the four of them raped her in turns and left her with her luggage.  The local Authorities allegedly stopped her from travelling for treatment despite the bleeding and the injuries she had sustained. The rape case[29] was not reported.

On February 10th2015, NISS officers in Rashad town stopped a 26 year old unmarried lady from travelling anywhere. B. M. A who is a rape victim has been forced to report herself to NISS Office in Rashad three times a day. She has been continuously reporting to NISS. The victim was raped two years ago (April 6th 2013) by four (4) PDF militia men in-front of her mother. While she and her mother H. A. 60 years old, were heading home after collecting firewood from Drengees seasonal river two (2) kilometers north Elfaid[30].

On that fateful day, they met four (4) armed men in PDF uniform riding motorbikes. the ladies recognized one of them as a well-known trader at Elfaid market and also the commander of PDF in the area. They could not recognize the other three who had covered their faces with masks. They stopped the women and started beating the mother and ripped off the daughter’s (victim) clothes. All the four men raped her in turns on gun point. After that the armed men warned to kill the two women if they attempt to report the incident or even talk about it

On 7th February, 2015 the victim managed to flee on foot to Rashad town (25) kilometers from Elfaid. On the same day NISS in Rashad town discovered her fleeing and forced her to report to their office three times a day. Since then she is reporting on daily basis and she is not allowed to move out of the town

.2.1.2 Sexual violence in Blue Nile

On March 22nd2015,  A. M. A, a 16 year old girl living in Gogish neighborhood of Damazin town, was raped by a solider from SAF Damazin. A neighbor to the victim who did not want to be named said that “the girl was sent by her family to buy milk near the Military Base”. The rape case was reported to Family and Child Protection Police by the victim’s family. The Medical Assessment Report confirmed the occurrence of the rape and the sustained injuries on the head and the left shoulder of the victim. The Police informed the victim’s family that the perpetrator will be summoned by his administration unit but it never happened until the time of writing this report. However, the victim’s family is not willing to disclose any more information about the case.


2.2 Child Violations

During the recent conflict the children are the most affected. They are facing challenges of displacement with their families, losing their time for schools as well as being arrested.

2.2.1 Child Violations in South Kordufan

On Dec. 26th 2014, Khaleil Yousif Adam, 16 Years of age was arrested from Elfaid by MI at 08:00 am; uniformed SAF soldiers accompanied by MI personnel in civilian clothing named A. B. (recognized by the mother of the victim) came to the parent’s house. On arrival, they started beating him then they took him to their Military base. The following day Dec. 27th 2014, the community leader (Sheikh) went to the Military base to inquire about the boy. The officer in-charge informed him that, this child has a brother who joined the SPLA-N and they are suspecting him to have connections with the rebel brother.

The detained child was forced to work at the commander’s house as a servant up to the time of his release on Jan 9th, 2015.

2.2.2 Child Violations in Blue Nile

On April 1st 2015, Roseires Police carried out an operation to arrest what they called Neggers’’[31] Gang in Nahdda neighborhood. Nineteen (19) young men were arrested with children among them;

  1. Muhanad Ibrahim 17 year old student.
  2. Yusuf (Haneen) 16 years old student
  3. Abdul Haleem Yusuf Osman 17 years old student

The nineteen detainees were transport to the NISS premises in Roseires. They were detained together in one room (4x4 meters). The children were forced to clean and cook for other detainees and guards. During the interrogation they accused them of being part of the Neggers Gang. They were verbally humiliated and insulted as slaves. On the April 4th 2015, they transferred them back to the Police Station. A case had been lodged against them under article - 69 (breaching of Peace) of the Sudan Criminal Act 1991. Later on, their relatives bailed them out. The following day on April 5th2015 they appeared before Court. The Judge precisely dismissed the case due to lack of evidence.


2.3 Civilians in conflict Areas

Kadogli Incident

The arrival of Rapid Support force on opening of the year 2015 in Kadogli (the capital of South Kordufan State) caused a lot of anxiety because of the violence they cause.

Looting at Elneem Market in Kadogli downtown;

On Thursday 5thFeb-2015 Rapid Support force (RSF) attacked and looted Elneem Market in Kadogli downtown. According to the eye witness, at least thirty (30) shops were looted. In response, the local Public Defense Force (PDF) reacted in defense of shop owners. As a result, there was a fight whereby one lady was killed, number of civilians was severely injured and five (5) soldiers from the two fighting groups/ forces were killed.

After this incidence, the leadership of Kadogli commercial chamber announced the closure of the market because of insecurity. The security situation in Kadguli scared many people and others fled the town particularly after the attack on the market.

On Friday 6th-Feb-2015) while at the mosque, the Kadogli governor (Abuelbashar Abduelgadir) informed Kadogli residents that government had set up a police committee to compute the losses and looted items. The government will ensure that all items looted by SRF are brought back to owners. Up to then no reparation or compensations paid.


2.4 Forced Displacement

Residents from different villages suffered the attacks, looting, burning and displacement from security agencies (SAF and the governmental allied militias/ PDF) who gave them only two hours to evacuate.

2.4.1 Forced Displacement in South Kordufan Al Ghadeer Village

Al Ghadeer Village


On January 4th2015, Al Ghadeer[32] village (inhabited mainly by Tagali Tribe), 22 kilometers north-west of Al Abbasiya town was burnt.

About one hundred fifty (150) armed soldiers on eighteen (18) land cruisers arrived at the village in the afternoon. They were wearing two different kinds of uniform (SAF and PDF uniforms). The troops were commanded by SAF Officers; Maj. Azmi and Capt. Ali as well as Al Abbasiya district’s PDF Commander Yagoub Amein Elbushra. They parked at the compound of the Paramount Chief Farah Ibrahim Keuair. Maj. Azmi briefed him that; the government decided to erase the village because “you Tagali tribe have some young men who joined SPLA-N and you failed to bring them back. Your village has been used in passing on supplies to the rebels”. When the Chief tried to respond, some soldiers fired their guns and people around panicked and started to run.

Immediately the soldiers started to set fire on the village. Approximately eighty five (85) houses were burnt and about 600 people became homeless. Majority fled to Tabassa village and others continued to Um Rawaba town in North Kordufan State. Three (3) people were injured and admitted at Al Abbasiya hospital and discharged after five weeks. The injured were:

  1. Abdul MutalabTebin.
  2. Rudwan Eissa Ahmed.
  3. Mohamed Ahmed Adam. Al Abbasiya Villages

People from the Eight (8) villages west of Al Abbasiya town have been displaced (Kalinda, Joukayia, Julia, Aljebelat, Alshawayia, Alsanadra, Manderaba and Toufein). addressing the public at Al Abbasiya Alhurriya (Freedom) Squire on March 6th 2015, the Former Governor of SK State Adam Alfaki said: “we do not want any village west of Al Abbasiya because its people are rebels. From today on; commanders of SAF, NISS and PDF if you find anybody heading west with a kilo of sugar kill him. Tomorrow the Air Force and Artillery shall clean the land. We do not want an ant there. Any person who does not leave is considered as a rebel”.  On the second day 7th March, Air Force and Artillery bombarded the area as people fled. As a result, four pregnant women from Kalinda village had miscarriages. Their names are;

  1. Amnah Adam Idris, 34 years.
  2. Sarah Abdul Rahman, 21 years.
  3. Mawada Ibrahim Aldai, 40 years.
  4. Khaldah Mohamed Saleem, 27 years.

The affected women did not get any medical assistance and are still suffering from some complications and psychological trauma. 

 On March 8th2015, SAF and PDF carried- out an attack and many people were displaced and ran to different locations as indicated below:

  • Some went to Almoileh 18 kilometers north of Al Abbasiya, a drought stricken land that lacks water resources. Water is brought by tankers from Al Abbasiya. Civilians preferred to camp in that area because it is close to their farms.
  • Others camped in Aldamra 7 km North West of Al Abbasiya (in Schools and under trees around the farms). Aldamra has only one borehole, which is not enough for inhabitants, IDPs and animals.
  • Others went to Tabassa, Alsesaban, Kamasor, Almadeim, Aldadori and Almadfak.

For more information see (Annex 1)


IDPs in Aldamra Rashad Villages

On Sep. 17th2015, PDF soldiers from Elfaid Um Abdalla, Umbrambeta and Khor Eldelaib attacked Tomi, Elmansour and Jebailat Abuelhassan villages in South Kordufan state. During the attack, they killed two people (Bashir Haroun and his father Haroun), arrested, looted and burnt the villages. They accused the residents of this village that some young men therein had joined SPLA-N. These attacks displaced many residents to the nearest towns of Alrahad and Alsemaih of North Kordufan.


The Table Below Presents the Villages/Localities and Their Forced Displacement in South Kordufan/ Nuba Mountains

Rashad Locality

1.      Tomi,

2.      Elmansour

3.      Jebailat Abuelhassan

South Kordufan

¶  Tabassa

¶  Almoileh

¶  Aldamra

¶  Alsesaban

¶  Kamasor

¶  Almadeim

¶  Aldadori

¶  Almadfak.   


North Kordufan State

v  Alrahad

v  Alsemaih

v  Um Rawaba



Displaced to

Displaced to

Al Abbasiya Locality

1)   Al Ghadeer

2)   Kalinda

3)   Joukayia

4)   Julia

5)   Aljebelat

6)   Alshawayia

7)   Alsanadra

8)   Manderaba

9)   Toufein




2.3.2 Forced Displacement in Blue Nile  

On April 3rd, 2015 SPLA-N forces gathered in Fuj area along the border with South Sudan. On 5th April the troops captured the Chrome Mining site in Jam village. They confiscated the tools, machinery and a fuel tank from the mining site and they also arrested the site’s guards. The same troops attacked the Police Station, SAF base and NISS Office in Jam. On April 6th SPLA-N attacked Diering area of Bau Locality and destroyed the Security premises. The troops left Diering leaving behind many civilians injured and others dead (Nasr Aldin Khamis Hanes was one of the dead civilians).

On April 8th 2015 SPLA-N attacked Madinah 10, on 10 April 2015 SAF reacted on the SPLA-N’s attacks on Madinah 10 by burning Madeim Aljabel Village of Bau Locality (14 kilometers south of Damazin). The SAF justified the burning by accusing the residents of the area that they cooperate with the SPLA-N. According to the local leaders, the area was inhabited by about 547 families mostly from Ingasana and Masaleet tribes as well as IDPs[33] from Sabil, Khor Maganza (Maganza) and Fadima villages. Some of the displaced persons from Madeim Aljabel relocated to Madeim Masaleet village while others remained in the wilderness. Later on May 9th 2015 the Government of Blue Nile State forced them to move to Madeim Masaleet to Roseires Locality.

On April 13th2015, SPLA-N attacked Madinah 10 for the second time and this attack displaced almost all the inhabitants in town to Madinah 8 and Madinah 9. Some went up to Damazin and others preferred to follow the Nile to their original villages.

On May11th2015, SAF gave the civilians of Khor maganza village in Bau Locality two hours to evacuate. about 1500 families mostly from Ingasana Tribe had to leave. Some immediately left while others stayed and watched their houses and shops burn. Those who remained had stayed in the open area for three days and later went to Um Barid north of Roseires. Those who left earlier settled in Roseires, Alazaza and Shanisha villages. On the same day (May 11th2015) citizens of Bagees village were evacuated and transported by SAF to Alshaheed Afandi village in Bau Locality. Blue Nile State Humanitarian Commissioner visited them on the following day but, no services were provided.

Alazaza Camp

On 18th May 2015, for the same allegations of cooperating with SPLA-N, SAF instructed civilians of the following villages (see annex 2) to vacate/leave within two hours;

  1. Madeim Masaleet[34] in Bau Locality
  2. Gambarda in Kurmuk Locality
  3. Deglok in Bau Locality
  4. Abigo in Kurmok Locality.

Some residents of the above mentioned villages who were mainly from Ingasana tribe have moved to Damazin, Roseires and the neighboring state of Sinar.

On June 12th2015, citizens of Wad Abouk village of Bau Locality fled to Boutof Altadamon locality, Geli and to the forests between Wad Abouk and Geli. That was a result of the fighting between SAF and SPLA-N.

The Table Below Presents the Villages/Localities and Their Forced Displacement in Blue Nile

Bau Locality

1.      Madeim Aljabel

2.      Diering

3.      Khor Maganza

4.      Bagees

5.    Deglok

6.      Wad Abouk

Displaced to

Damazin Locality

·         Damazin

·         Madinah 8

·         Madinah 9

Roseires Locality

§  Roseires

§  Umbarid

§  Azaza

§  Shanisha

Bau Locality

o   Alshaheed Afandi

Altadamoun Locality

ð       Geli

ð        Bout




Damazin Locality

1.      Madeim Masaleet

2.      Madinah 10

Displaced to

Displaced to

M      Kurmuk Locality

1.     Gambara

2.     Abijo


2.5 Denial of Humanitarian Aid

NISS denied a medical team organized by Sudanese national NGO to enter BN and access the IDPs locations

On 26th Nov 2015 evening hours, a medical team organized by an NGO (Kuluna Geium) from Khartoum arrived at Damazin town and was stopped by NISS officers at the check point. The medical team had scheduled to visit the IDPs located in the following areas;

  • North Roseries (Shansha area and Wad Afudi)
  • East Roseries (Azaza and other villages)
  • Roseries (Alwehda neighborhood)
  • Damazin (Ban Gadeid and Salha neighborhoods)
  • Shaheed Afandi
  • Wad Elmahi village

The targeted IDPs that were meant to be served in the said areas are about (675) families.

The team consisted of 75 people including five(5) consultants/Doctors, ten (10) lab technicians, five(5) medical practitioners, ten(10) medical students(in their 5th and 6th years of study) among others with the assortment of drugs. They were not allowed to go beyond the check point and they stayed there for the whole night.

In the morning of 27th Nov 2015 at 9:00AM, NISS officers ordered them to return (go back) to Khartoum. The reason NISS gave for denying them access to IDPs was that the NGO did not inform them (NISS) before their departure from Khartoum.

NOTE; The managers of the NGO however indicate that, they had made prior arrangements with the concerned ministries of Health and Humanitarian Affairs before coming to Damazin.

3.0 Recommendation

  • Demand an immediate end to forced displacement of people from their villages.
  • Stop the human rights violations and abuses by the fighting groups.
  • Urge the Government of Sudan to allow humanitarian organizations to access the affected civilians in SK and BN states.
  • The unconditional release of all people who are detained without any legal ground and guarantee fair trials for those who are charged.
  • Establish an independent inquiry to investigate the violations and abuses committed in SK and BN states since June 2011.
  • Urge the Sudanese civil society to actively engage in human rights advocacy.


[1] For more information about HUDO please visit:

[2] For more information please visit:

[3] For more information please visit:

[4]Anya Nya (1); was the first group rebelled against the Central government established on 1963 based ontourit Garrison carried out a mutiny in 1955

Anya Nya (2) was a rebirth of Anya Nya (1). Those two Anya Nyas carried out the first war (1955 - 1972).

. For more information please visit:

[5] This agreement was signed on 1972 between Joseph Lagu, the Head of Anya Nya 2 and Numeiri, Sudan President by then.

[6] For more information please visit:

[7] Please review the following link for more info

[8]In January 2005 at Naivasha, Kenya, CPA was signed between the Government of Sudan and SPLM.It was mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD). It includes six protocols one is dedicated for SK and BN (two areasprotocol).

[9] For more information please visit:

[10] Popular consultation is an exercise whereby the two states’ Legislative Assemblies review the CPA and decide their fate as well as submitting their recommendation to the Presidency. 

[11]He is the current president of Sudan who is indicted by International Criminal Court (ICC)


[13] Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie, president assistant and deputy chairman of NCP

[14] Malik Agar Eyre, Blue Nile state governor and chairman of SPLM-N


[16] Darfurian tribes and Fulani, Hausa, Barnu among others...etc.

[17] WK State was created in 1990s and dissolved by the CPA in 2005.   

[18] “Defense Minister Declared Start of (Defensive Summer) Operation to End Rebellion,” 14 April 2014, for more information please review this website

[19] Sudan National election please review,-Parliamentary-polls--12-630432029-105-lang2-index.html

[20] NISS, MI and their alliance militia always use vehicles without number plate to protect their identifications.

[21] The party in power

[22] Kasha village geographically is part of Nuba Mountains/ South Kordofan State it has been recently annexed among other areas to West Kordufan State by the Federal Government despite the objections of civilians.

[23] By the $1= 8 SDG

[24] Madinah 8, it is part of the new towns from 1- 12, they have been established as a compensation for the villages affected by the extension Roseires Dam. Collectively those towns accommodates about 22,000 families.

[25] Formed on Feb. 2012 by NCP after the war broke- out in BN. The intention was to divide SPLM-N membership in the state and engage them in the political operation.

[26] Arhal means leave, it is an election boycott campaign initiated and carried-out by Sudanese opposition youth movements later joined by opposing political parties, it was against Sudan General election 2015.

[27] It is a well-known weekly market, each Friday.

[28] 170 pounds equals about twenty USD.

[29] Chamchaka has no clinic or police post, they have to travel Rashad town.

[30] The full name is Elfaid Umabdalla.

[31] Neggers is slang means Negros. It is a group of teenagers who wear a stylish low west pants. They are mainly from African origins.    

[32]It is an open flat area used to be occupied by nomads during rainy season.

[33] Those IDPs fled from the said villages on late 2011 when their villages were burned by SAF immediate after war started in Blue Nile

[34] People who return back from the first evacuation.

Download PDF file From here HR Annual Report 2015

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Two Pastors’ Whereabouts Unknown After Arrest

Category : 2016 , Urgent Action


22nd February 2016

Urgent Action


Two pastors Hassan Abduelraheem Kodi andTelal Ngosi were arrested by National Intelligence and security services (NISS) on 18th December 2015. Their whereabouts is still unknown. Their families and church authority were prevented from visiting them. Both are at risk of torture.

Pastor Hassan Abdelraheem Kodi, 49, the secretary general of Sudanese church of Christ and Pastor Telal Ngosi, 44, were arrested on 18th Dec 2015 by NISS officers. They were interrogated for attending Christian conference in Addis Ababa.

Kodi and Ngosi participated in a Christian conference held on 20th October 2015 in Addis Ababa. The conference was about the situation of both Sudanese and South Sudanese Christians. Kodi and Ngosi attended among the Sudanese church of Christ representative.

Since 18th Dec 2015, the two pastors were held incommunicado, NISS prevented their families and the church representatives from visiting them or access to lawyers. There are fears that both could be under torture or ill-treatment. Already Kodi is known to be suffering from duodenal ulcers, therefore any ill treatment could exaggerate his condition.

Please write immediately in English, Arabic or in your own language to  

  • Calling on the authorities to reveal the whereabouts of Hassan Abduelraheem Kodi and Telal Ngosi immediately
  • Urging the authorities to either charge them with an internationally recognizable offence or immediately and unconditionally release them
  • Calling on the authorities to give them access to a legal representative of their own choice and allow them visits from their families and coworkers
  • Calling the authorities to ensure that Kodi gets access to proper health service.
  • Urging authorities to ensure that the two Pastors are not subjected to torture or any ill-treatment.



Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir   

Office of the President

People’s Palace

PO Box 281



Ministry of Justice,

Awad Alhassan Elnour

AlJamhurya ST



PO 302/11111


Fax. 0024983791544


Minister of Guidance

 and Endowments

Ammar Mirghani Hussain

Khartoum, 60 ST west

Bashair furniture co.


Tel. +249183248475

Fax. +249183248475


  More information:

HUDO centre frequently receives reports about Christian’s situations in Sudan, which increase the concern on them.

Within the same period (18th Dec2015) NISS arrested Pastor Kuwa abu Zumam the Pastor of Khartoum North Church of Christ, and confiscated some of his belongs. On 21st Dec. 2015, he was released on condition that he reports to NISS office daily at 9:00AM. He reports but they keep him at their office up to night’s hours.

On 26th Nov 2015 a voluntary Christian theology teacher Ayoub Kafi Paulus who works as house/security guard was arrested by police officers and took him to Kafuri police station. He teaches Christianity to his Christian neighbors’ children, the police interrogated him about this activity.  He was apprehended without any legal reasons up to his release on 28th Nov 2015.  There is no legal case registered against him.

On 25th Jun 2015 police arrested twelve (12) Christian girls from the church and filed a case under Article (152) which indicates indecent dressing Sudanese criminal Act 1991 the case was held against ten of them, their ages were between seventeen to twenty three years. Later the court of Khartoum North charged some of them and dismissed the other cases.        

National intelligence and security service (NISS) authorizes to arrest and interrogate according to NISS Act 2010 amended on 2015. NISS Act 2010 is regularly condemned/criticized basing on its contradictions with Interim National Constitution 2005 and the Sudan bill of rights respectively.         

Download PDF file From here Pastors' Urgent Action

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Sudanese authority destroyed two churches at Omdurman

Category : 2015 , Statement

Press release

For immediate release (21st Dec. 2015)

Sudanese authority destroyed two churches at Omdurman

 On 21st and 28th Oct. 2015 the combined troops of National intelligence and security service (NISS), Police, land registration authority and locality’s officer destroyed two churches in Althawra (square 29 and square 61) which are located in Karari locality of Omdurman town at Khartoum state, without any legal ground.

Althawra’s (square 29) Church incident: on 21st Oct. 2015 the troops armed with teargas accompanied with land registration authorities and Karari locality authorities came to the church on twelve (12) vehicles and two (2) bulldozers. As soon as they arrived, the soldiers surrounded the church, threw the teargas canisters to fragment the people who had gathered to protect the church. Immediately after that, they started to destroy (pull down) the church while it was closed with its furniture and holy/ sacred items there in. Steven Adil Kajo (23 years old) who tried object to their action was arrested and later released after destroying the said church.

Althawra’s (square 61) Church incident: on 28th Oct. 2015 at (10:00 am) a troop consist of armed soldier from NISS and police came on six (6) vehicle with bulldozer destroyed Althawra’s (square 61) church. The items that were destroyed include all the church’s furniture and holy/ sacred belongings that were in.

According to priest (James), “Althawra’s (square 29) church was established in this location since 1984 when it was an open area. Later on 1995 the land registration authority re-planned the area and they allocated the alternative lands to the mosques and ignored the church yet, the church authority kept requesting. The current land of the said church is (400 m2) and their congregation is about (450 persons). And Althawra’s (square 61) church in area was re-planned on 1999 and the church also was ignored to be given alternative land”.

The same priest added that, “The same authorities with NISS and police tried twice in the last four days before the incident to destroy this same church (square 29). The first trial was on 17th Oct. 2015 at (10:00 am) they came on six (6) vehicles with bulldozer, but the church authority objected asking for the official order. The troop went back and on the same day issued and delivered official letter by (02:00 pm) giving the church authorities seventy two hours to evacuate it. The second trial on 20th Oct. 2017 the same troop came back again but the people gathered inside the church and started to pray. Then the troop confiscated some items from the church and went back. The following day they came back and destroyed it”.  

Christian eyewitness lady (Hawa) said; “The destruction was carried out without care or regard to the sanctity of the church which is a violation to our constitutional rights and against the international conventions”.

As a result of the destruction, the congregations from those churches resorted to gather and pray from the open space without any shelter/facility.

HUDO Centre is seriously concerned about the matter of violating the rights of Christians and their churches, as well as;

  • Calling on the authorities to conduct a transparent investigation on the official destroying orders for the churches, and to give the churches alternative land as well as to pay them financial and moral redress.
  • Calling on the authorities to stop immediately any further destroying of churches and violating of the Christians’ rights, as well as to give respect to their sacred places/ worship centres.
  • Urge the authorities to respect the constitution and the international conventions and stop discrimination basing on religion.



For any further information please contact

Moses Nabasa (English): (mobile) +256752978100 or

Abduelmoneim Adam (Arabic):(mobile) +256755681320 or




Download PDF file From here Church incident 

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JEM Prisoners To PortSudan

Category : 2015 , Statement

JEM prisoners to Port Sudan

                Six members from Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) have been moved to Port Sudan Prison by Sudan's Prisons Administration on Friday, 15th November last year.
Reliable sources told HUDO that, the six prisoners were moved from Kober Prison in Khartoum North to Port Sudan due to demanding their legitimate rights in the prison.
The prisoners; Al Tom Hamid Al Tom, Othman Rabeh Morsal, Mohammed Hashim Ali Adu, Adam Al Nour Abdurrahman Othman, Adam Abdul Kareem Khareef and Olwal Hamad Hamid Kiber have sentenced to death for their participation in Omdurman attacks in 2008, only Al Tom Hamid was prosecuted by Kadugli Criminal Court.
Other source who demanded not to be mentioned confirmed the move, saying that, they are humiliating them "they are treated badly there, they are not allowed to bath, going to the toilets is only once a day, they kept them is (1.5x 2) meter cells full of insects".
They stayed in individual isolation for 18 days then brought out with the others in the prison, said the source.
However, the prosecuted persons are prisoners of war, and according to Geneva Conversion provisions they should not be charged and must be treated in decent way.

Download PDF file From here JEM Prisoners To PortSudan