REPORT ON HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION IN SOUTH KORDUFAN, BLUE NILE STATES/ SUDAN JANUARY-DECEMBER 2016
Since June 2011 to present time South Kordufan/ Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile states of Sudan have undergone through conflict. This resulted in many atrocities and different human rights violations occurred. The Government of Sudan (GoS) had earlier declared the state of emergency in the two states. Later the GoS formed the Rapid Support Forces a replica of Janjaweed militia. The GoS equipped the RSF with more destructive equipment and enlarged their field of work to include the two states (SK and BN) in addition to Darfur.
The aim of this report is to bring to light the human rights violation and abuses taking place in SK and BN states (government territory) of Sudan and the situation of internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) from the two states. The information included in this report was gathered by trained monitors using a well prepared instrument that developed under supervision of HURICAP/ AI-NL and compiled by trained reporting panel. The report does not cover all incidents that occurred due to many challenges and limitations.
The violations and abuses included in this report are; arbitrary arrest and torture which were mainly carried out by Military Intelligence (MI) and National Intelligence and security Services (NISS) in conflict areas. This intensified because of the emergency status which allows the military forces to arrest civilians. There are also cases of extrajudicial killing and death under torture mostly carried out by military and their allied militias (the Rapid Support Force and People Defense Force (PDF). Also, there are many murder cases that were not investigated even where the perpetrators are known and partly because of insecurity. Cases of sexual violence were mainly committed by Rapid Support Force (RSF) and the police could not carry out investigations and there was no reaction from authorities. The Christians and students were targeted more than before. The report gives recommendations calling on both parties at war to consider and respect the international human rights laws, calling upon regional and international bodies to compel the Government of Sudan (GoS) to respect the international human rights and humanitarian laws.